Ammonium Perchlorate Blast

Ammonium Perchlorate Blast - YouTube

15/03/2007· Ammonium Perchlorate production facility catches fire and detonates 3 times with shock waves racing across the desert floor in Henderson, Nevada.

Ammonium Perchlorate Blast - video Dailymotion

08/03/2016· Ammonium Perchlorate Blast. Alma Carly. Follow. 5 years ago. Ammonium Perchlorate Blast. Report. Browse more videos. Browse more videos ...

FOURTEEN feet deep: Ammonium Perchlorate Blast

Ammonium Perchlorate Blast Watch the other video first. Posted by amy k at 11:17 AM. 3 comments: N8ster said... I saw this happen. I was at school, in chemistry class, about 15 miles away. We were in a 3 story building. The first shock wave shook the building, we all looked out the window, and you could see the smoke plume, 15 miles away. A few minutes later, we saw the mushroom cloud go up ...

Ammonium Perchlorate reactions | For military, aerospace ...

Ammonium perchlorate is one of them. Type 1.2: in this case, a projection can be triggered, although not a mass explosion. Type 1.3: this is the case of, for example, smoke grenades, where a fire and a minor blast can be expected. Type 1.4: an example of this kind of explosive is the ammunition used in small arms, which triggers minor explosions.

Generation of blast waves in a channel by nonideal ...

18/11/2009· The results of experimental studies of the nonideal detonation of high-density, high-energy aluminum-ammonium perchlorate-organic fuel-HE compositions and of the blast waves it generates in a channel filled with air are presented. Aluminum-enriched compositions have high densities (up to 2 g/cm3) and high heats of explosion, nearly twice that for TNT. The studies were performed to work out ...

FOURTEEN feet deep: Ammonium Perchlorate Blast

Ammonium Perchlorate Blast Watch the other video first. Posted by amy k at 11:17 AM. 3 comments: N8ster said... I saw this happen. I was at school, in chemistry class, about 15 miles away. We were in a 3 story building. The first shock wave shook the building, we all looked out the window, and you could see the smoke plume, 15 miles away. A few minutes later, we saw the mushroom cloud go up ...

Ammonium Perchlorate reactions | For military, aerospace ...

Ammonium perchlorate, magnesium and polyurethane have an explosive reaction when they are mixed and exposed to a flame. This reaction is similar to the ones that happen when rocket fuel is burned in solid-state rocket engines: in these reactions, ammonium perchlorate works as an oxidizer, while substances like aluminum or magnesium powder work as a fuel, and polymer fuel is used as a binder ...

Explosive Characteristics of Cast PBX Based on HMX ...

Explosive Characteristics of Cast PBX Based on HMX, Ammonium Perchlorate and Aluminium Gordana Anti ć, BSc (Eng)1) ... increases the blast effect. The detonation mechanism of PBX based on ammonium perchlorate and aluminium can be described by ZND (Zeldovich-von Neumman-Döring) model for non-ideal explosives [5]. Two factors determine this non-ideal behaviour: relatively slow …

A comparison of the explosion hazards associated with the ...

In the Henderson ammonium perchlorate explosion (see reference 13), the TNT equivalence was estimated to be approximately 33% close-in, and a half of this in the far field. Little information is available on blast effects from exploding energetic substances. Effect of yield. The yield of an explosive event is governed both by the explosive power of the substance (c.f. TNT equivalence) and the ...

Pepcon Explosion - YouTube

21/05/2014· May 4, 1988 a factory producing ammonium perchlorate ignited. Ammonium perchlorate is the solid rocket fuel used to lift the Space Shuttle off the launch pa...

Burning Constituents for Rocket Launch Ammonium Perchlorate

ammonium perchlorate as fuel and on the right is a molecule of ammonium perchlorate. Transition metal nanoparticles consisting of Copper, Cobalt, Nickel, and Iron were used as catalysts to speed up the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. The amount of activity in these four catalysts increased in order from Fe, Ni, Cu, and Co; and their respective activation energies were found to ...

5 things to know about the PEPCON disaster, 28 years later ...

04/05/2016· PEPCON was one of two American producers of ammonium perchlorate, a ... investigators also compared the explosion to a 1-kiloton air-blast nuclear detonation. Shockwaves destroyed nearby buildings ...

Perchlorate Regulation - Gorzelnik Engineering

13/08/2020· Ammonium perchlorate was also responsible for the PEPCON disaster on 4 May 1988 which caused 2 fatalities, 372 injuries, and about $100 million 1988 dollars damage ($218 million in 2020 dollars). The disaster’s damage radius was approximately 10 miles (16 km) and equivalent to about one TNT kiloton or the same yield as a small tactical nuclear weapon. The blast was caught on video by …

THE HISTORY OF SOLID-PROPELLANT ROCKETRY: WHAT WE …

Ammonium perchlorate replaced potassium perchlorate as an oxidizer in the late 1940’s, and binders were developed. Discoveries important in the evolution of large solid-propellant motors appear to have resulted from innovators’ education and skills, an exposure to contemporary problems, an awareness of theory but a willingness not to let it dictate empirical investigations, and proper ...

Thermobaric and enhanced blast explosives (TBX and EBX ...

01/12/2016· For the needs of investigation of the effects of composition on the detonation properties and the parameters of the air shock wave front, new compositions of cast composite thermobaric explosives have been developed having the mass fraction of components: 31–50% of HMX, 15–20% of HTPB-based binder, 21–30% of Al, 0–9% of Mg and 0–20% of AP (ammonium perchlorate). In the study 14 ...

FOURTEEN feet deep: Ammonium Perchlorate Blast

Ammonium Perchlorate Blast Watch the other video first. Posted by amy k at 11:17 AM. 3 comments: N8ster said... I saw this happen. I was at school, in chemistry class, about 15 miles away. We were in a 3 story building. The first shock wave shook the building, we all looked out the window, and you could see the smoke plume, 15 miles away. A few minutes later, we saw the mushroom cloud go up ...

Perchlorate contamination from the detonation of ...

15/11/2013· Detonation performance of ammonium perchlorate was very poor. ... of detonations that followed a fire at the manufacturing facility consumed around 4 kt of AP, with the single largest blast involving 1.5 kt of AP. The detonation was the equivalent of a 1 kt nuclear air blast and was “at total variance with the provided wisdom that AP does not detonate and need not be treated as an explosive ...

Modeling the effects of aluminum and ammonium perchlorate ...

04/12/2018· The presence of aluminum (Al) with and without ammonium perchlorate (AP) allows the subsequent burning for longer and sustained reactions of enhanced blast explosives. The modeling of reaction rate laws for three explosives with varied amounts of Al, AP, RDX, and HMX is reported. The model validation included the rate stick test for understanding the explosive reaction of the three …

Modeling the effects of aluminum and ammonium perchlorate ...

ammonium perchlorate (AP) to increase the energy release during the whole reaction process. Furthermore, hot metal particles may be ejected from the fireballs of these metalized enhanced blast explosives. The fuel-rich condition due to the presence of Al may lower the peak pressure of detonation while enhancing the impulse for a longer ...

Burning Constituents for Rocket Launch Ammonium Perchlorate

ammonium perchlorate as fuel and on the right is a molecule of ammonium perchlorate. Transition metal nanoparticles consisting of Copper, Cobalt, Nickel, and Iron were used as catalysts to speed up the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. The amount of activity in these four catalysts increased in order from Fe, Ni, Cu, and Co; and their respective activation energies were found to ...

5 things to know about the PEPCON disaster, 28 years later ...

04/05/2016· PEPCON was one of two American producers of ammonium perchlorate, a ... investigators also compared the explosion to a 1-kiloton air-blast nuclear detonation. Shockwaves destroyed nearby buildings ...

What to know about PEPCON explosions - KTNV

03/05/2018· PEPCON produced ammonium perchlorate, which is a chemical found in solid rocket fuel. 2. Because of the Challenger explosion in January 1986, there was a large amount of ammonium pechlorate at the ...

Perchlorate Regulation - Gorzelnik Engineering

13/08/2020· Ammonium perchlorate was also responsible for the PEPCON disaster on 4 May 1988 which caused 2 fatalities, 372 injuries, and about $100 million 1988 dollars damage ($218 million in 2020 dollars). The disaster’s damage radius was approximately 10 miles (16 km) and equivalent to about one TNT kiloton or the same yield as a small tactical nuclear weapon. The blast was caught on video by …

THE HISTORY OF SOLID-PROPELLANT ROCKETRY: WHAT WE …

Ammonium perchlorate replaced potassium perchlorate as an oxidizer in the late 1940’s, and binders were developed. Discoveries important in the evolution of large solid-propellant motors appear to have resulted from innovators’ education and skills, an exposure to contemporary problems, an awareness of theory but a willingness not to let it dictate empirical investigations, and proper ...

Thermobaric and enhanced blast explosives (TBX and EBX ...

01/12/2016· For the needs of investigation of the effects of composition on the detonation properties and the parameters of the air shock wave front, new compositions of cast composite thermobaric explosives have been developed having the mass fraction of components: 31–50% of HMX, 15–20% of HTPB-based binder, 21–30% of Al, 0–9% of Mg and 0–20% of AP (ammonium perchlorate). In the study 14 ...

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